Phonics – About sounds and how they represented by letters to create words.
Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound in a word.
Grapheme – A letter or sequence of letters that represent a phoneme.
Digraph – Two letters representing one phoneme
Trigraph – Three letters representing one phoneme.
Split digraph – Two letters representing one phoneme but split within a word.
Adjacent consonants – Two or more consonants next to each other in a word.
Syllable – A beat in a word.
Monosyllabic – Having one syllable.
Polysyllabic – Having two or more syllables.
Segment – The ability to hear individual phonemes in a word.
Blend – The ability to merge individual phonemes together to pronounce a word.
CVC word – A word in which the sequence of phonemes is consonant – vowel – consonant.
CCVC word – A word in which the sequence of phonemes is consonant – consonant – vowel – consonant.